Based on client feedback and our own research, we are offering the following product our clients in 25 and 50 mL containers, outfitted with a child-proof eye-dropper for discrete, standardized dosing:
- CANNA OIL 20 | 0 - This is our THC infused oil with approximately 20 mg of THC in every mL
- CANNA OIL 0 | 10 - This is our CBD infused oil with approximately <1 mg THC and 10 mg CBD in every mL
- CANNA OIL 10 | 10 - This is our 1:1 THC:CBD Blend with approximately 10 mg of THC and 10 mg CBD in every mL
What are Cannabis Oils?
Under the Section 56 Class Exemption, approved ACMPR Licensed Producers (LPs) are now able to produce and sell cannabis infused oils. Cannabis oil contains cannabinoids, such as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), as well as other minor cannabinoids (CBC, CBG, and CBN), and aromatic compounds (terpenes), which are extracted from fresh or dried cannabis, and dissolved in a carrier oil.
Under the ACMPR, cannabis oils must be liquid at room temperature, and contain no more than 30 milligrams of THC per millilitre of oil (~3.3% THC w/w) when sold in bulk form, and 10 milligrams of Total THC in capsule form (taking into account the potential to convert the acidic to neutral forms of THC). There are no potency limits placed on CBD or other cannabinoids. The cannabis oil must NOT contain any added flavours or scents, and any allergens in the carrier oil must be listed on the label.
Patients who want to try cannabinoid therapy but do not like the idea of smoking, vapourizing, or cooking with dried cannabis will benefit from our line of fully decarboxylated ("activated") cannabis oils, as they offer standardized, discrete dosing.
How does Canna Farms make its Cannabis Oils?
The active ingredients in cannabis may be extracted and separated in a number of ways, including water, CO2, alcohol, and organic solvents, such as butane. At Canna Farms, we like to keep things simple! We use a proprietary extraction process, which utilizes water and ice to obtain a pure, natural, concentrated whole-plant cannabis resin. This resin is rich in THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids and terpenes. This process does NOT use any harsh or dangerous solvents, which ensures safety for our clients as well as our staff.
After we collect the concentrated cannabis resin, our third-party analytical laboratory tests it for potency and purity. A known amount of cannabis resin is then taken and gently heated in a carrier oil to reach a desired cannabinoid potency. This heating allows for the cannabinoids to become fully decarboxylated, making the cannabis oil ready to use.
What is a Carrier Oil?
A carrier oil is used to dissolve the active ingredients in our cannabis resin to reach a consistent and standardized potency.
Based on client feedback, as well as our own R&D, we have chosen to use Grape Seed Oil, which has a very high content of polyunsaturated fats, and is rich in Omega 3-6 as well as Omega-9 essential fatty acids. Grape Seed Oil is NOT recognized as an allergen by Health Canada (HC) or the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA); however, some people may have sensitivities to it.
Grape Seed Oil
A light oil with a high smoke point; Perfect for baking
Density = 0.92 g/mL
Smoke Point = 216 °C (420 °F)
Oil Content = 69.6% Omega-6 fatty acids (Lineoleic), 15.8% Oleic Acid
Is the Equivalency Factor based on how much cannabis was used to make the cannabis oil?
No, not necessarily. As part of the licensing process, Health Canada requires that every Licensed Producer create a way to equate dried cannabis (prescribed in grams by Physicians) to cannabis oil (sold in milliliters). This makes it easier for Physicians to continue to prescribe cannabis in grams per day, and for us to be able to sell cannabis oils to our clients.
Our equivalency factor for our cannabis oils is:
1 gram dried cannabis = 5 mL of cannabis oil
Let’s take a look at one of our most popular products, CANNA OIL 20|0. It contains approximately 20 mg THC for every mL of oil (fully decarboxylated). So, in a 50 mL bottle, this amounts to approximately 1000 mg of THC (20 mg/mL x 50 mL = 1000 mg THC).
Now let’s compare to an “average” concentration of THC in some of the cannabis flowers that we use to make our oil (we’re using whole numbers to make it easy to follow). For the sake of argument, let's say that we use flowers with a potency of 10% THC (on a fully decarboxylated basis). This means that each gram of cannabis flowers contains 100 mg THC (1 gram = 1000 mg, 1000 mg x 0.1 = 100 mg). Theoretically we would have to use 10 grams of flowers to equal 1000 mg of THC (which is what we have in our 50 mL bottles). But this process is not 100% efficient (nothing ever is!). So we have to account for extraction efficiency during cannabis resin production, plus losses from decarboxylation, dilution, and packaging.
It actually turns out that we need to use at least 15-20 grams of flowers to make one bottle of cannabis oil.
How do I use Cannabis Oils?
Our Cannabis Oils are fully-decarboxylated and ready to use without the need for further heating or baking. You can use the dropper on the bottle to ingest a known amount of cannabis oil (on its own or mixed with food) or place a few drops under the tongue. Sublingual administration of cannabis oil provides the most immediate effect for the user. If you prefer to ingest the cannabis oil, always keep in mind, that 'like dissolves like.' Therefore, foods with a higher fat content will help to distribute the cannabis oil effectively and help the body to absorb the active ingredients. Great ways to ingest the oil would include mixing with a glass of milk, adding to a smoothie or milkshake, or mixing with your favourite food.
While you can cook with our cannabis oils, it is important to remember that we've done the hard work for you, and the oils are already decarboxylated. Further heating may cause degradation of the active cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD. Additionally, improper mixing of cannabis oil during cooking may result in under- or over-dosing, which can lead to undesirable effects (particularly with cannabis oils high in THC). Remember to keep the cooking/baking temperature below the carrier oil's smoke point, to preserve the integrity of the oil.
Cannabis oils are also quite potent, so use a little at a time, especially if you do not have much experience in ingesting cannabis. Whenever you ingest cannabis oils, just remember to "START LOW AND GO SLOW".
Our cannabis oils are outfitted with easy-to-use eye droppers, which allow for consistent dosing - 1 mL of oil is equal to approximately 40 drops. For CANNA OIL 20 | 0, this equates to approximately 2 drops for every 1 mg of THC.
Which Cannabis Oil is right for me?
Initially, Canna Farms will be offering cannabis oils in three different varieties: (1) High in THC, (2) High in CBD, and (3) Equal Parts (1:1) THC:CBD. We recommend talking to your Health Care Practitioner (HCP) about which oil is right for you. If you need any further clarification or information, one of our client service experts will be happy to help you.
What are the effects of ingesting Cannabis Oil, as compared to smoking or vaporizing Dried Cannabis?
When cannabis is smoked or vapourized, effects are generally immediate (0-15 minute onset) and short-lived (1-3 hours). This method of consumption may be preferable for clients with more acute conditions or disorders.
On the other hand, ingestion of cannabis oil can take up to 2 hours (or longer) for onset of effects. The effects themselves may last for up to 10 hours, depending on the potency and amount (volume) of cannabis oil taken, and the mechanism of delivery (drops placed under the tongue vs. ingested with food). Clients with chronic disorders may prefer this method of consumption.
Why are your Cannabis Oils low in potency, when compared with other cannabis extracts or concentrates?
Many people may be concerned that our cannabis oils are low in THC, as compared with other cannabis extracts or concentrates (such as hash, shatter, or BHO). The most important thing to keep in mind is that it is not the potency (% or mg/mL THC) that is important, but rather the total dose in mg THC (amount of cannabis extract in mg × potency of cannabis extract % or mg/mL).
The main thing to remember is that cannabis oil is made for ingestion rather than inhalation. Despite the fact that some cannabis extracts made for smoking/vapourizing can contain more than 50% THC by weight (versus 2-3% THC in our cannabis oils), the amount (grams or millilitres) of cannabis oil used by patients is much greater than their inhaled counterparts. Therefore a typical dose of THC (in mg) is quite comparable.
For example, 1 mL of our Canna Oil 20|0 contains 20 mg of THC. The State of Colorado now limits the amount of THC in edibles to 10 mg per piece, so 1 mL of this oil would be equivalent to two (2) edibles. Similarly, a 0.5 gram "joint" of 10% THC contains 50 mg of THC, but more than half of this THC is lost during the combustion process, resulting in a dose of 20-25 mg THC.
If you are inexperienced with Cannabis oils or tinctures, we suggest starting with a dose of 0-5 mg of THC, and waiting for at least 120 minutes (2 hours) before ingesting more. Sometimes it can take that long for the oil to take effect. Remember, everyone reacts differently to cannabis (especially when ingested), so it is important to always START LOW AND GO SLOW.
Can I use Cannabis Oil as a topical?
Although our Cannabis Oils are made for ingestion, some clients may opt to use them as topicals (applied externally to the skin). Talk to your HCP about which method is best for you.
Can I vaporize Cannabis Oils?
No, our Cannabis Oils are not intended for inhalation, only ingestion. Clients may try using the oils topically, under the advice of their HCP.
How do I store my Cannabis Oil?
Product freshness is highly dependant on storage conditions such as temperature, and exposure to oxygen and light. To prevent degradation of the cannabinoids over time (and to prevent the carrier oil itself from becoming rancid), Cannabis Oils should be stored in a cool, dark, and dry place (a fridge or freezer is perfect for this purpose). Depending on the carrier oil used, the cannabis oil may become slightly solid or cloudy. To regain its clarity and consistency, simply place the bottle in a glass of warm water and allow the contents of the bottle to warm.
As with any narcotic, always remember to close the child-resistant cap properly, and keep out of reach of children or pets.